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Home » Blog » Types Of Snakes in Texas

Types Of Snakes in Texas

Types Of Snakes in Texas

In the wild jamboree of Central Texas, snakes take the spotlight, and it's a real-life drama of venomous bites, color, and charm. Picture this: the Prairie Rattlesnake, a true Texan VIP, shaking its rattle like a cowboy's warning in the wild west. But fear not, because slithering alongside are the Louisiana Milk Snakes, the fashionistas of the reptile world, sporting a non-venomous flair that turns heads.

And oh, the Texas Garter Snakes! They're the party crashers, showing up in a crowd of 4 to 18, making every grassy gathering a lively affair. Don't forget the Gulf Coast Ribbon Snake, gracefully dancing by the water, a sleek and slender superstar.

But wait, here comes the Eastern Hognose Snake, the drama queen with a snooty attitude—literally! Its upturned snout adds a touch of the theatrical to the Texan snake scene. And cue the Milk Snakes, a trio of smooth operators sharing the stage with their venomous neighbors, proving that harmony exists even in the snake world.

So, whether it's a venomous maestro or a non-venomous charmer, Central Texas is the stage for a reptilian spectacle that's both easy on the eyes and a wild ride for anyone curious about the snakes in their Texan backyard.

Gather around, thrill-seekers, as we gear up for a wild ride into the heart of Texas! We're diving deep into the untamed wilderness, where slithery surprises await at every turn. Get ready to join our squad as we unravel the secrets of common snakes in Texas—those sneaky, hissy creatures that have been both sending shivers down our spines and tickling our curiosity for centuries.

Non-Venomous Wonders

What are some common non venomous snakes in Texas? Let's dig in!

Rat Snake: The Colorful Constrictor

In the diverse landscapes of Texas, the Rat Snake emerges as a vibrant, non-venomous marvel, showcasing an impressive array of colors and patterns. With its striking appearance, this serpent not only captivates the eyes of onlookers but also plays a crucial role in the Texan ecosystem by keeping rodent populations in check.


Rat Snakes are versatile dwellers, making homes in wooded areas, farmland, and even suburban backyards. They adapt to various environments, ensuring their presence across Texas.


The Rat Snake boasts a visually arresting palette, with colors ranging from earthy dark brown/s to sunny yellows. Intricate patterns along its sleek body add to its captivating charm.


Living up to its name, the Rat Snake is a proficient hunter of rodents. By controlling the population of these pests, it actively contributes to the delicate balance of the Texan wildlife.


Climbing with finesse and often basking in the sun, Rat Snakes showcase an array of behaviors that make them intriguing subjects for observation.

Life Span:

These non-venomous wonders enjoy a commendable life span, with some individuals thriving for up to 20 years in the wild.

Texas Rat Snake: A Texan Classic

The Texas Rat Snake, similar to its broader Rat Snake family, stands out as a Texan classic. With its familiar hues and adaptability, this non-venomous serpent is a common sight in the Texan wilderness.


Thriving in grasslands, wooded areas, and even urban spaces, the Texas Rat Snake is a true Texan local, proving its adaptability across diverse environments.


Exhibiting hues akin to its cousin, the Texas Rat Snake features the snake pictures classic brown and yellow coloration. Its camouflage skills make it seamlessly blend into the Texan landscapes. Typically, adult Texas Rat Snakes can grow to a length of about 4 to 6 feet (48 to 72 inches).


A versatile eater, the Texas Rat snakes are carnivorous, so they prey on rodents, birds, eggs, and even small lizards, playing a crucial role in maintaining the ecological balance in Texas.


Renowned for its adaptability, these snakes are equally comfortable climbing trees or slithering along the ground, showcasing their versatility in the Texan terrain.

Life Span:

With an average life expectancy of up to 15 years, the Texas Rat Snake is a resilient resident in the Texan wilderness.

Speckled King Snake:
Due to its diet, the Texas Rat Snake is very important for the balance of the Texas' ecosystem.

Speckled King Snake: Nature's Artistry Unleashed

Meet the Speckled Kingsnake, a non-venomous wonder that stuns with its captivating patterns and roams freely through the varied landscapes of Texas.


From dense forests to open fields, the Speckled King Snake adapts to diverse terrains, demonstrating its ability to thrive in the rich biodiversity of Texas.


Nature's own artist, this snake showcases mesmerizing speckled patterns in blacks, whites, and yellows. Its appearance is a living canvas, making it a true spectacle in the Texan serpent lineup.


Acting as a natural pest controller, the Speckled King Snake preys on other snakes, including venomous species, contributing significantly to the intricate balance of the Texan snake hierarchy.


Often preferring a secretive lifestyle, these snakes can be found hiding under debris or logs, patiently waiting for their prey to cross their path.

Life Span:

With proper conditions, Speckled King Snakes can thrive for up to 15 years, embodying both resilience and adaptability.

Chicken Snake: Farmer's Friend

Say hello to the Chicken Snake, a friendly face in Texan barns and fields. Despite its intimidating name, this non-venomous serpent is a beneficial presence for farmers.


Commonly found in agricultural settings, barns, and wooded areas, the Chicken Snake is a familiar friend to farmers across Texas.


Sporting a distinctive checkerboard pattern, these harmless serpents are often mistaken for their venomous counterparts. However, their role in pest control makes them invaluable.


Living up to its name, the Chicken Snake is an excellent hunter of rodents, making it a welcome presence in the agricultural landscape.


With a knack for climbing, Chicken Snakes are often found raiding bird nests for eggs, showcasing their resourcefulness in the pursuit of a meal.

Life Span:

With an average life expectancy of 8 to 10 years, these beneficial serpents ensure a healthy balance in the Texan countryside.

Venomous Snakes in Texas

Let's explore a little about how many venomous snakes are in Texas!

Copperhead: The Woodsy Ambusher

Let's step cautiously into the territory of venom with the Copperhead. This snake means business, chilling in woodlands, rocky hideouts, and sometimes even suburban spots. Sporting a cool hourglass pattern, it's like nature's stealth mode. And oh, it's not just for show—the Copperhead snake is a pro at blending in.


Picture this snake as the woodland ninja, comfortably chilling in spots where you least expect it. Woodlands, rocky areas, and even suburban neighborhoods—Copperheads are everywhere, keeping things interesting.


That hourglass pattern on its body is like a signature move. It's not just for aesthetics; it helps these serpents camouflage like pros. It's like the ultimate snake fashion statement.

What's on the Menu:

As a predator, Copperheads play a cool role in the Texan ecosystem. They're on rodent patrol, helping to keep those little mammal populations in check. Talk about a deadly game of hide and seek!

Copperhead snake
Copperhead snake is like the rodent patrol of the wildlife.

Cottonmouth: The Swamp's Silent Boss

Time to get your feet wet with the Cottonmouth, a non venomous snake species that's all about aquatic life. These coral snakes are like the bosses of swampy areas, and they're not afraid to show it. Get ready to explore their aquatic antics and the challenges they face in their marshy kingdom.

Habitat Hangout:

If there's water around, you might just bump into a south texas coral snake Cottonmouth. Swamps, rivers, and ponds are their domain, showcasing their adaptability to wet and wild environments.

How They Roll:

Cottonmouths aren't just any snake; they're water-loving, defensive-display-doing, apex predators. Their moves in the aquatic ecosystem make them the bosses of water snakes in the wetlands.

Challenges in the Swamp:

Living in the swamp comes with its own set of challenges. From habitat loss to dealing with us humans, these venomous serpents navigate through some tricky situations in their watery abode.

Western Diamondback Rattlesnake: The Desert Daredevil

Meet the daredevil of the desert, the Western Diamondback Rattlesnake. It's big, it's bold, and it's got that classic rattlesnake vibe. From arid deserts to grassy plains, this venomous marvel stakes its claim, showcasing its adaptability and cunning hunting strategies.

Home Base:

From desert dunes to open plains, the Western Diamondback isn't picky. It calls the arid landscapes of Texas its home, proving that it can handle the heat.

Signature Moves:

Rattles? Check.. Diamondback water snake-shaped patterns? Check. The Western Diamondback has all the classic rattlesnake features, making it a true Texan aristocrat among snakes.

How They Hunt:

These guys don't mess around. From ambush tactics to using those rattles as a warning signal, Western Diamondbacks are the sharpshooters of the Texan snake world. This rattlesnake has a diet that mainly consists of small mammals, birds, and occasionally other reptiles. They could attack humans and pets if feel threatened, so you better stay away from his way. 

Broadbanded Copperhead: The Marked Maverick

Get ready to meet the marked maverick, the Broadbanded Copperhead. Found in various regions of Texas, it stands out with its striking broad bands and plays a unique role in the Texan ecosystem.

Distinctive Markings:

It's all about those broad bands. The Copperhead isn't here to blend in; it's here to make a statement. Those markings aren't just for show—they're like its own signature brand.

Habitat Flex:

Woodlands, grassy plains, you name it—the Broadbanded Copperhead calls a variety of Texan landscapes home, showcasing its adaptability.

Ecosystem Player:

This venomous serpent isn't just hanging out for fun. It's part of the intricate Texan food chain, playing a crucial role in the delicate dance of predator and prey.

Garter Snakes

Garter snakes are a common group of non-venomous snakes belonging to the genus Thamnophis. They are found throughout North America and are known for their relatively small size, distinct coloration, and adaptability to various environments.

Eastern Garter Snake: The Colorful Charmer

Dive into the vibrant world of the Eastern Garter Snake, a non-venomous delight thriving in various corners of Texas. This charming serpent is all about unique color variations and some fascinating behaviors that make it a standout player in the Texan snake scene.

Color Palette Extravaganza:

Picture a snake rocking different shades like it's a fashion show. That's the Eastern Garter Snake for you. Explore its colorful variations, from earthy tones to vibrant hues, making it a true charmer.

Habitat Hotspots:

These snakes don't stick to one scene. Woodlands, grasslands, you name it—the Eastern Garter Snake is there, showcasing its adaptability across diverse Texan environments.

Playful Behaviors:

Don't be fooled by its non-venomous status; this snake knows how to put on a show. Watch it slither, climb, and even swim—it's a true Texas acrobat.

Western Ribbon Snake: The Swift Serpent Acrobat

Glide alongside the Western Ribbon Snake, a slender wonder known for its swift moves and sleek form. This non-venomous beauty adds a touch of elegance to the Texan landscapes, contributing to the state's biodiversity.

Sleek and Swift:

If there's a snake equivalent of a gymnast, it's the Western Ribbon Snake. With its slender physique and nimble moves, it's like watching a serpentine acrobat in action.

Preferred Haunts:

Where does the Ribbon Snake hang out? Creeksides, marshes, and sometimes even your backyard garden. It's like having a nature show right at your doorstep.

Biodiversity Contributor:

This common snake that might not be the most venomous snakes, but it's a vital player in Texas' biodiversity game. By keeping certain critter populations in check, the Western Ribbon Snake earns its ecological stripes.

Checkered Garter Snakes: Grassland Dancers

In the expansive grasslands of Texas, the Checkered Garter Snakes emerge as the dance maestros of the serpent world. Their behavior is a rhythmic symphony, and their role in maintaining a healthy ecosystem is nothing short of crucial.

Checkered Garter Snakes
This snake is known for its ability to adapt to almost any environment in Texas.

Grassland Groove:

Tall grass is their dance floor. Checkered Garter Snakes move with a grace that seems like they're choreographing a dance routine. Explore their unique behaviors as they navigate through their grassy domain.

Ecosystem Harmony:

These dancers aren't just here to entertain. By controlling insect and small rodent populations, Checkered Garter Snakes contribute significantly to the balance of Texas' ecosystems.

Adaptability in Action:

From open grasslands to the edges of wetlands, these snakes show off their adaptability. It's like they have a backstage pass to the diverse landscapes of Texas.

Other Venomous Snakes

Mojave Rattlesnake: Arid Desert Commander

In the dry, arid landscapes of Texas, the Mojave Rattlesnake stands as a formidable commander, demanding attention with its venomous prowess. Delve into the adaptations that enable it to not just survive but thrive in the harsh environments of the Texan desert.

Desert Domain:

Picture a snake ruling the desert—That's the Mojave Rattlesnake. From sandy stretches to rocky outcrops, it thrives where others might struggle, showcasing its mastery of the arid Texas landscape.

Adaptations Unveiled:

Surviving in the desert is no joke. The Mojave Rattlesnake has some tricks up its scales, from heat resistance to camouflaging techniques that make it a true desert ninja.

Venomous Arsenal:

As a venomous marvel, the Mojave Rattlesnake isn't just a sight to behold; it's a predator that plays a crucial role in maintaining the balance of the Texan desert ecosystem.

Timber Rattlesnake: Silent Guardian of Woodlands

Meet the Timber Rattlesnake, a venomous species that silently guards wooded areas in Texas. Explore its habits, from the way it hunts to its role as both predator and prey in the intricate dance of Texas' ecosystems.

Woodland Warden:

If there's a silent guardian in the woods, it's the Timber Rattlesnake. From dense forests to wooded hills, it finds its home, showcasing its adaptability to varying woodland environments.

Hunting Habits:

Timber Rattlesnakes are stealthy hunters, relying on ambush tactics to surprise their prey. Dive into the nuances of their hunting habits, revealing the strategies they employ to secure a meal.

Predator and Prey:

It's not just about hunting; Timber Rattlesnakes are also part of the food chain. Understanding juvenile snakes and their role as both predator and prey gives us a glimpse into the complex web of relationships in Texas' ecosystems.

Garden Snakes: Your Backyard Allies

In Texas, the diverse ecosystem supports various types of garden snakes in Texas, each playing a vital role in the local ecology. While exploring the world of Texan snakes, it's important to recognize the friendly faces that often grace our gardens. Many of the non-venomous snakes discussed in the sections above are indeed the most common garden snakes in southeast and north texas alone, and they are commonly encountered in yards and outdoor spaces.

Common Non-Venomous Garden Snakes:

  1. Garter Snakes:
    • Eastern Garter Snake: This colorful serpent is a frequent visitor, weaving through grass and gardens, contributing to natural pest control.
  2. Ribbon Snakes:
    • Western Ribbon Snake: With sleek movements, these snakes may be found near water sources in gardens, showcasing their agility.
  3. Checkered Garter Snakes:
    • Grassland Dancers: These snakes, known for their graceful movements, often call gardens home, playing a role in maintaining the balance of local ecosystems.

B. Texas Blind Snakes:

  • Subterranean Wonders: While not commonly seen above ground, these small, burrowing snakes contribute to garden ecosystems by feeding on ants and termites.

C. Benefits of Garden Snakes:

  • Natural Pest Control: Non-venomous garden snakes, including those discussed earlier, actively contribute to controlling insect and rodent populations, making them valuable allies for gardeners.

Next time you spot a snake slithering through your garden, remember that it might be one of these harmless yet beneficial creatures, working quietly to maintain the health and balance of your outdoor space.

Snake Bites: A Closer Look

At Critter Stop we've celebrated the diverse world of snakes in Texas, but as experts in wildlife removal, we know it's crucial to be aware of the potential risks associated with snake bites. Understanding the characteristics of venomous snakes in Texas and responses to a snake bite is essential for anyone venturing into snake habitats.

Pit Vipers

  1. Cottonmouth (Water Moccasin):
    • Found in aquatic environments, the Cottonmouth delivers potent venom. Recognizable by its cotton-like mouth, a bite can lead to swelling and tissue damage.
  2. Copperhead:
    • Often found in woodlands, their bites are painful but rarely fatal. Copperheads boast distinctive hourglass patterns on their bodies.
  3. Rattlesnakes:
    • Various species, including the Western Diamondback, inhabit Texas. Recognizable by their rattles, rattlesnakes deliver hemotoxic venom that affects blood and tissues.

Coral Snakes in Texas

  1. Texas Coral Snake:
    • Possessing neurotoxic venom, coral snakes are characterized by vibrant bands of red, yellow, and black. Their bites, while rare, require immediate medical attention.

Responding to a Snake Bite

Stay Calm:

  • Panicking can increase heart rate, speeding up venom circulation. Remain as calm as possible.

Identify the Snake:

  • If safe to do so, try to identify the snake. This helps medical professionals administer appropriate antivenom.

Keep the Bite Below Heart Level:

  • Minimize venom spread by keeping the bitten limb at or below heart level.

Remove Constrictive Items:

  • Remove tight clothing or accessories near the bite site to accommodate potential swelling.


  • Apply ice, use a tourniquet, or attempt to suck out venom. These methods can worsen the situation.

Seeking Medical Attention

Call for Help:

  • Dial emergency services immediately. Time is critical in treating snake bites.

Transport Safely:

  • If possible, transport the victim to the nearest medical facility. Avoid excessive movement.

Receive Antivenom:

  • Medical professionals will administer antivenom specific to the snake species, neutralizing the venom's effects.

Snake encounters are part of the Texan wilderness, and while most snakes are harmless, it's wise to be prepared for potential bites. Awareness and prompt medical attention are the best defenses against the rare but serious consequences of snake bites. As wildlife specialists, we strongly recommend that our readers try to avoid getting in touch with or capturing snakes without the help of a professional team.

Interesting Facts about Snakes in Texas

Embark on a journey of discovery as we unravel some intriguing facts about the serpentine residents that call Texas home. From surprising adaptations to unique behaviors, here's a closer look at the captivating world of snakes in the Lone Star State.

  1. Snake Riches: Texas boasts a diverse array of snake species, with over 115 documented types, making it a haven for snake enthusiasts and researchers alike.
  2. Rattlesnake Royalty: Texas proudly houses the most diverse range of rattlesnake species in the United States. From the iconic Western Diamondback of west Texas to the elusive Mojave, prairie rattlesnake amd the mottled rock rattlesnake, the Lone Star State is a kingdom for rattlesnake aficionados.
  3. Nature's Thermometer: Snakes in Texas, like many reptiles, are ectothermic, relying on external sources to regulate their body temperature. This makes them highly attuned to the state's fluctuating climates.
  4. Masters of Camouflage: The Texan wilderness provides a canvas for snakes to showcase their incredible camouflage skills. From the leafy patterns of Copperheads to the sandy hues of the Mojave Rattlesnake, these serpents are true masters of disguise.
  5. Eco-friendly Pest Control: Non-venomous snakes such as Rat Snakes and Chicken Snakes play a vital role in keeping rodent populations in check, acting as eco-friendly pest controllers for farmers and residents.
  6. Serpentine Symphony: Snakes communicate through a variety of hisses, rattles, and body movements. The unique sounds produced by rattlesnakes serve as a warning to potential threats, creating a serpentine symphony in the Texan wilderness.
  7. Life Underground: Texas Blind Snakes, although harmless, have a fascinating lifestyle. These small, burrowing snakes spend the majority of their lives underground, feeding on ants and termites.
  8. Egg-cellent Beginnings: Most Texas snakes lay eggs, but a few, like the Boa Constrictor, give birth to live young. It's a remarkable diversity in reproductive strategies among the Texan serpent community.
  9. Venom Variation: While many Texas snakes are non-venomous, the venomous ones, like the Coral Snake, possess neurotoxic venom that affects the nervous system. Fortunately, these snakes are reclusive and rarely pose a threat to humans.
  10. Longevity Secrets: Some snake species in Texas, such as the Rat Snake, can live up to two decades or more in the wild, showcasing the longevity and resilience of these fascinating creatures.

Conclusion: Reveling in the Serpentine Symphony

In the grand finale of our Texan serpent expedition, we've peeled back the layers of the Lone Star State's snake realm. From the non-venomous wonders that color our landscapes to the venomous marvels that command respect, each venomous snake, coral snakes, and Texas coral snakes species we encountered has added a unique note to the serpentine symphony of Texas.

In this journey, we've witnessed Rat Snakes and their vibrant hues, the elusive Mojave Rattlesnake thriving in the arid expanses, and the dance of the Checkered Garter Snakes in the tall grass. Each serpent, whether venomous or not, has proven to be a vital participant in the delicate dance of nature, contributing to the intricate balance of Texas' ecosystems.

As we wrap up this adventure, let's take a moment to appreciate the beauty and importance of these slithering beings. Beyond the fear they might evoke, these serpents are nature's artists, sculptors, and performers, weaving their existence into the very fabric of Texas' untamed wilderness.

So, to the non-venomous charmers and the only venomous snakes commanders, we tip our hats. Until our next expedition into the wild, let's keep our eyes peeled and our hearts open to the wonders of the Texan serpent world. Thanks for being part of Critter Stop’s blog!

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Lee Gorman
Lee Gorman
13:50 21 Nov 22
I’d give a 10 star review if I could! We had a great experience with Critter Stop. Everyone I dealt was friendly, professional, and reassuring. Phillip was very helpful and knowledgeable about the work he was doing. He walked me around the entire house to make sure I saw and understood the services he provided. He was also really nice and answered all my questions — he is exactly the type of person that should be interacting with customers.I love the fact that they will come back for up to 1 year after installation if any problems occur — this shows me they stand behind their work.The owner was great too, he personally came to my house and walked me through their offering. I recommend critter stop to anyone and everyone!
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14:53 15 Nov 22
Critter Stop is a fantastic business! Everyone involved is extremely professional and very easy to communicate with. Chisam, the owner, did a great job of explaining the process to get the squirrels out of my attic during the initial free estimate. The exclusion crew who did all of the initial work was fabulous. The crew consisted of Phillip, Nick and Corey who arrived promptly when they said they would. They are happy, positive employees. Everyone is very polite and patient in explaining their work and answering questions. They came back several times to check the traps and finish it off with the fogging. Lester was very good about following up to schedule each trap check with me, and the office staff who took care of the billing was very efficient. Critter Stop is a well run company with honest, trustworthy employees! Thank you to all of you who worked hard to make my attic critter free and for the peace of mind that you guarantee your work. Great to know I can call them if for some reason a squirrel figures out a way to get back in!
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Brandon and his other coworker Gavin came to install insulation in my attic. I am very grateful for the hard work and professionalism. My house feels a lot better with the insulation installed. 5 star review. Cory Leach was also very nice and helpful. He came to my house to do another job and was very attentive and professional. Thank you Corey and thank you Critter Stop for helping me.The owner very polite and helpful, I’m glad I found this company to help me.
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