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What Does an Armadillo Eat?

What Does an Armadillo Eat

Armadillos, often recognized by their unique armor-like shell, are fascinating creatures with equally interesting dietary habits. Understanding what an armadillo eats can provide insights into their behavior and their role in the ecosystem. Wondering what does an armadillo eat? This comprehensive guide delves into the varied diet of armadillos, highlighting their feeding habits and preferences.

Armadillos primarily consume insects, such as ants, termites, and beetles, which they forage for using their keen sense of smell. Their diet is not limited to insects; they also eat small vertebrates, plants, fruits, and even eggs. This diverse diet helps control pest populations and contributes to soil aeration through their digging activities, underscoring their importance in maintaining ecological balance.

Overview of Armadillo Diet

what does an armadillo eat

Armadillos are primarily insectivores, meaning their diet predominantly consists of insects and other invertebrates. However, they are known to consume a variety of foods depending on availability. Their diet can be broadly categorized into several key components:

  • Insects and Invertebrates
  • Plants and Fruits
  • Small Vertebrates
  • Eggs and Carrion

Insects and Invertebrates: The Primary Diet

Armadillos have a strong preference for insects and other small invertebrates, which make up the bulk of their diet. They use their sharp claws to dig into the ground, unearthing a rich supply of food. Some of their favorite insects include:

Ants and Termites

Armadillos eat ants and termites as a staple in their diet. The nine-banded armadillo, in particular, is known for its ability to locate termite mounds and ant colonies. Using their keen sense of smell, armadillos can detect these insects from a distance. Once found, they use their long, sticky tongues to extract ants and termites from their nests.

Beetles and Grubs

Beetles and their larvae, commonly known as grubs, are another significant food source for armadillos. These creatures are often found just below the soil surface, making them accessible to the digging prowess of armadillos. Grubs, being rich in protein, provide essential nutrients that support the armadillo's active lifestyle.

Worms and Spiders

Earthworms and spiders also feature prominently in the armadillo's diet. Worms, in particular, are abundant in moist soil, which armadillos frequent during their nocturnal foraging activities. Spiders, although not as commonly consumed as worms, are still a viable food source due to their high protein content.

Plants and Fruits: A Supplementary Diet

armadillo eat ants

While insects form the core of their diet, armadillos are not strictly insectivorous. They are known to consume a variety of plant materials and fruits, especially when insects are less abundant. This flexibility in diet helps them survive in different environments and seasons.

Berries and Fruits

Armadillos occasionally eat berries and other fruits, particularly those that fall to the ground. This opportunistic feeding helps them gain extra vitamins and minerals. Fruits like wild grapes, blackberries, and other native berries provide a natural source of hydration and nutrients.

Roots and Tubers

In times of scarcity, armadillos may dig up roots and tubers. These underground plant parts are rich in carbohydrates, providing an alternative energy source. Although not their preferred food, roots and tubers help armadillos maintain their energy levels during periods when insects are hard to find.

Small Vertebrates and Eggs

Although less common, armadillos sometimes consume small vertebrates and eggs. This behavior is more opportunistic rather than habitual, occurring when other food sources are scarce.

Small Amphibians and Reptiles

Armadillos have been observed eating small amphibians, such as frogs and toads, as well as reptiles like lizards. These animals provide a substantial amount of protein, though they are not a primary food source.

Bird Eggs

Bird eggs are a nutritious and energy-rich food that armadillos occasionally consume. They typically find eggs in ground nests or those that have fallen from trees. This opportunistic feeding helps armadillos supplement their diet when other food sources are limited.

Carrion Consumption

While primarily hunters of live prey, armadillos do not shy away from carrion. Scavenging for dead animals is not a primary behavior but provides a valuable source of nutrition during lean times.

Foraging Behavior and Techniques

how much does an armadillo eat per day

Armadillos are nocturnal foragers, relying heavily on their keen sense of smell to locate food. Their long claws are specially adapted for digging, enabling them to access food sources hidden underground. This foraging technique not only helps them find insects but also aids in uncovering plant roots and tubers.

Seasonal Variations in Diet

The diet of an armadillo can vary significantly with the seasons. During the warmer months, insects and invertebrates are plentiful, making up the majority of their diet. In contrast, colder months may see a shift towards plant material and carrion as insect populations dwindle.

Impact on Ecosystem

Armadillos play a crucial role in their ecosystems through their feeding habits. By consuming large quantities of insects, they help control pest populations. Their digging activities aerate the soil, promoting healthy plant growth. Furthermore, their role as scavengers aids in the decomposition process, returning nutrients to the soil.

Armadillos' Feeding Adaptations

The armadillo's physical adaptations are integral to its diet. These creatures have evolved unique features that make them efficient foragers and feeders.

Long, Sticky Tongues

Armadillos possess long, sticky tongues designed to extract insects from narrow crevices and tunnels. This adaptation is particularly useful when feeding on ants and termites, allowing them to gather food quickly and efficiently.

Powerful Claws

The armadillo’s claws are strong and well-suited for digging. They can rapidly excavate soil, leaf litter, and decaying wood to uncover hidden prey. These claws also aid in creating burrows, which provide shelter and a vantage point for foraging.

Keen Sense of Smell

Armadillos rely heavily on their sense of smell to locate food. Their highly developed olfactory system can detect insects underground and guide them to potential food sources even in the dark.

Armadillo Foraging Habits

what does the three-banded armadillo eat

Nocturnal Activity

Armadillos are primarily nocturnal, meaning they are most active during the night. This nocturnal behavior helps them avoid predators and human activity while allowing them to forage when their prey is also active.

Burrowing Behavior

Armadillos are prolific burrowers, and their burrows serve multiple purposes. They provide shelter, protect them from predators, and act as a base for foraging. These burrows can be extensive, with multiple entrances and chambers, demonstrating the armadillo's complex behavior.

Seasonal Adaptations

The armadillo's diet and foraging habits adapt to seasonal changes. During warmer months, their diet is rich in insects and other invertebrates. In contrast, during colder months or periods of drought, armadillos may rely more on plant matter and carrion, demonstrating their dietary flexibility.

Nutritional Value of Armadillo Diet

The diet of an armadillo is well-balanced, providing all the necessary nutrients required for survival and reproduction.

Protein and Fat

Insects and other invertebrates are rich in protein and fats, essential for muscle development and energy. These nutrients are crucial for the armadillo's active lifestyle and burrowing activities.

Vitamins and Minerals

Fruits and plant materials consumed by armadillos are sources of vitamins and minerals, which are vital for maintaining overall health and immune function. This diverse diet ensures that armadillos receive a comprehensive range of nutrients.


Many of the foods armadillos consume, particularly fruits and moist insects, also provide a significant amount of hydration. This is especially important in arid environments where armadillo water sources may be scarce.

Human Impact on Armadillo Diet

armadillo water

Habitat Destruction

Human activities, such as deforestation and urbanization, have a profound impact on the armadillo's natural habitat. The destruction of forests and grasslands reduces the availability of insects and other natural food sources, forcing armadillos to adapt their diet.

Agricultural Practices

Agricultural lands can both positively and negatively impact armadillo populations. On one hand, crops can provide an abundant source of food. On the other hand, pesticide use can reduce insect populations and pose a direct threat to armadillos through poisoning.

Urban Encroachment

As urban areas expand, armadillos may venture into human habitats in search of food. This can lead to conflicts with humans, particularly when armadillos dig up gardens and lawns. However, it also provides an opportunity to observe their dietary flexibility in adapting to new environments.

Conservation and Management

Understanding the dietary needs and habits of armadillos is crucial for their conservation. Effective management strategies can help mitigate human-wildlife conflicts and ensure the survival of these unique creatures.

Habitat Protection

Protecting natural habitats is essential for maintaining healthy armadillo populations. Conservation efforts should focus on preserving forests, grasslands, and other areas rich in biodiversity that provide ample food sources.

Sustainable Practices

Promoting sustainable agricultural and land-use practices can help ensure that armadillos have access to natural food sources. Reducing pesticide use and encouraging organic farming can benefit both armadillos and the ecosystems they inhabit.

Public Awareness

Raising public awareness about the ecological role of armadillos and their dietary needs can foster coexistence. Educating communities about the benefits of armadillos, such as pest control through insect consumption, can reduce negative perceptions and promote conservation efforts.


How Much Does an Armadillo Eat Per Day?

An armadillo's daily intake varies based on food availability and environmental conditions. On average, an armadillo consumes approximately 0.5 to 1 pound of food per day. This amount ensures they receive enough nutrients to sustain their active foraging and burrowing activities. Understanding how much an armadillo eats per day helps in assessing their impact on local ecosystems and the resources they require.

What Does the Three-Banded Armadillo Eat?

The diet of the three-banded armadillo is similar to that of other armadillo species, primarily consisting of insects and small invertebrates. The armadillo eat ants. They have a strong preference for ants and termites, which they extract using their long tongues. In addition to insects, the three-banded armadillo also consumes fruits, small vertebrates, and occasionally carrion. This diverse diet ensures they receive a balanced intake of nutrients necessary for their survival.

Choosing Critter Stop for Armadillo Trapping

If you have an armadillo problem, Critter Stop is your best solution. With a fantastic reputation and excellent customer reviews, Critter Stop offers professional and humane wildlife removal services. Their high-quality work and great customer service make them the top choice for dealing with armadillo trapping. Visit Critter Stop to learn more about their services and to get expert help with your armadillo problem.


The dietary habits of armadillos are as fascinating as the creatures themselves. Their ability to consume a wide variety of foods, from insects to plants, ensures their survival in diverse environments. By understanding and protecting their natural habitats, we can help these remarkable animals continue to thrive.

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